Yough Pioneer Tours

The Sakhalin Island Koreans

The Sakhalin Island Koreans

People visit North Korea for many reasons: there are those that go just the once to check it off the list; there are some who go multiple times to really soak in the culture and the wide variety of cities and natural sights that the country has to offer; and there are the true DPRK geeks, the ones who want to see and know everything there is to know about the country. If you are one of the latter, then consider yourself in exalted company.

The first stop for the DPRK completionist is Dandong – the most popular land crossing into North Korea – followed by the rest of the DPRK-China borderlands including Yanji. But the Holy Grail has to be Sakhalin Island.

A brief history of Sakhalin Island

An ethnic Korean lady standing in front of her house on Sakhalin Island.
An ethnic Korean resident of Sakhalin.

Sakhalin Island has a chequered history. It was subject to a Russo-Japanese tug-of-war throughout the 19th century and throughout the Russo-Japanese War and World War II. In the early 20th century it was largely populated by Koreans who either went there voluntarily or else were forcibly relocated by the Japanese. Following World War II, the Soviets regained control of Sakhalin as part of the spoils of war. This left the Koreans of Sakhalin stuck in limbo.

The issue for the Koreans on the island was that the USSR did not recognise South Korea and most of them did not want to go to Japan (despite their historically fantastic treatment of ethnic Koreans). Furthermore, they either didn’t want to relocate to North Korea, or else were unable to overcome the equally thorny diplomatic hurdles involved in relocating there.

The end result was a large community of Koreans cut off from both the increasingly capitalist South and the isolationist North. It is for this reason that many people feel that the Sakhalin Koreans are more culturally ‘pure’ than their Korean Peninsula brethren.

Young Pioneer Tours previously ran two very successful tours to Sakhalin, and are looking at adding a brand-new one for 2020. Watch this space if you’ve an interest in visiting yourself!

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