Young Pioneer Tours

The last Khmer Rouge State

The red dots represent the location of the main camps of the last Khmer rouge State

Cambodia has been heavily shaped by its past, particularly the brutal rule of the Khmer Rouge which lasted between 1975 and 1979. What many people do not realize is that the Khmer Rouge dominated Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea (CGDK; Khmer: រដ្ឋាភិបាលចំរុះកម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ, Odthaphibeal Chamrouh Kampouchea Brachathibtey), renamed to the National Government of Cambodia and that they still retained the Cambodian seat on the UN until 1993. Here is the history of the last Khmer Rouge state.

With UN sponsored elections due to take place, the Khmer Rouge decided to boycott the elections whilst still controlling (at the time) up to 1/4 of Cambodian territory. The Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea thus dissolved, the Khmer Rouge formed their last “government in exile” and indeed the last Khmer Rouge state.

In 1994, the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea morphed into the The Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia (PGNUNSC). This was in opposition to the newly established Kingdom of Cambodia and was not recognized by any state, even their former backer – the People’s Republic of China.

PGNUNSC’s Prime Minister was Khieu Samphan (Democtic Kampuchea’s former head of state) and its Deputy Prime Minister Son Sen (head of S-21). The pseudo country was led by the Cambodian National Unity Party (Khmer: គណបក្សសាមគ្គីជាតិកម្ពុជា) ,the successor party to the Party of Democratic Kampuchea, themselves the successor to the Communist Party of Kampuchea, or as we know them : the Khmer Rouge.

Pol Pot officially did not hold any power in the The Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia (PGNUNSC). In reality he was teh de-facto leader until being replaced by Ta Mok.

In 1996, Pol Pot ordered the murder of Son Sen and Ta Mok, which were respectively a success and failure. Following this, Pol Pot was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment, until he died, allegedly of a heart attack, in 1998.

Within 3 months of Pol Pot’s death, the provisional government had been dissolved and the slow road to peace was to begin. The last Khmer Rouge state was at and end.

The main areas of its control were Pailin and Preah Vihear, with the place hosting surviving Khmer Rouge leaders and their descendants. It is possible to visit many sites related to the former government as well as the grave of Pol Pot.

Check out Killing Fields Cambodia Tour which we will be reintroducing in 2021.