Young Pioneer Tours

Syria: Explore the Echoes of Civilization

by Andy Khong

Syria, a country with a rich history, captivating landscapes, and diverse cultures, sits in the heart of the Middle East. While its remarkable attractions have drawn travellers for centuries, it’s important to acknowledge the complex backdrop of its history, geography, and politics.

Syria’s history stretches back millennia, with evidence of human settlements dating back to ancient times. Throughout its history, the region has been a crossroads for various civilizations, including the Phoenicians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. The country’s historical significance is underscored by its inclusion of several UNESCO World Heritage Sites that showcase the remnants of these civilizations.

Geographically, Syria boasts a diverse landscape that encompasses coastal areas, mountains, deserts, and fertile plains. The Mediterranean coastline offers picturesque beaches, while the interior holds mountain ranges like the Anti-Lebanon and the Syrian Desert. The Euphrates River, which flows through Syria, has played a pivotal role in shaping the region’s history and culture.

Syria’s modern history has been marked by shifts in political power, regional dynamics, and conflicts. The country gained independence from French colonial rule in 1946, and over the years, experienced periods of stability as well as political challenges. The rule of the Ba’ath Party, led by figures like Hafez al-Assad and his son Bashar al-Assad, has defined much of Syria’s recent history. The Arab Spring in 2011 led to widespread protests and eventual civil unrest, which escalated into a devastating conflict that continues to impact the country to this day.

Despite the challenges, Syria’s attractions remain a testament to its rich past and cultural heritage:

  1. Palmyra*: This ancient desert city was a thriving trading centre during the Roman era. It features well-preserved ruins, including temples, theatres, and tombs.
Roman Theatre, Palmyra.

2. Krak des Chevaliers: A Crusader-era fortress that showcases impressive medieval architecture and offers insight into the region’s history of conflicts.

Krak des Chevaliers.

3. Aleppo: Known for its bustling markets and architectural gems, including the Aleppo Citadel and the Great Mosque, both of which have stood for centuries.

Aleppo Citadel.

4. Damascus: As one of the world’s oldest inhabited cities, its Old City is a maze of narrow streets, souqs (markets), and religious sites like the Umayyad Mosque (where the head of John the Baptist (Prophet Yahya in Islam) is buried), and Saint Ananias House (where Ananias baptized Saul (who became Paul the Apostle).  

Umayyad Mosque.
Ananias Chapel, Saint Ananias House.

5. Maaloula: A unique town where Aramaic, the language of Jesus Christ, is still spoken.  It is home to ancient monasteries and a distinct cultural identity. 

Maaloula Village.

6. Apamea: A Roman city with a well-preserved colonnade that provides a glimpse into the grandeur of the past.


7. Latakia: A coastal city offering relaxation, beautiful beaches, and a mix of modern and historical attractions.


Syria is known for its warm and hospitable people, rich culture, and historical sites. With its millennia-old history, diverse cultural tapestry, and remarkable architectural wonders, Syria offers a captivating journey into the heart of human civilization. From the labyrinthine alleys of Damascus’ Old City to the majestic ruins of Palmyra*, the warm hospitality of its people to the vibrant souqs brimming with life, Syria promises an enriching experience that unveils the depth of its heritage and the resilience of its culture. Exploring its historical sites and connecting with its vibrant communities can provide a unique perspective on the intertwined threads of history that have shaped this ancient land.

Market store at Al-Hamidiyah Souq, Old City, Damascus – is this Syria?!
Kim Il Sung Park, Damascus.

To come and see the country yourself, checj out our Syria Tours.

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