Young Pioneer Tours

Durian: King of Fruits

by Andy Khong

The Durian is a unique tropical fruit known as the “King of Fruits” due to its distinctive flavour, creamy texture, and strong aroma. It is native to South-East Asia and is highly popular in countries like Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, and Singapore.


When it comes to the debate over which country produces the best durians, Malaysia and Thailand are often the frontrunners. Both countries have ideal climates and conditions for cultivating durians, leading to an abundance of high-quality fruit. Let’s take a closer look at each country’s durians:

  1. Malaysia: Malaysia is renowned for its durians, and it is one of the largest producers and exporters of the fruit. Malaysian durians are known for their rich and intense flavour, creamy texture, and a slightly bitter-sweet taste. Some popular varieties include Musang King (Mao Shan Wang), D24, and D101. The state of Pahang, in particular, is famous for its durians and is often considered the durian capital of Malaysia.
  2. Thailand: Thailand is also known for its excellent durians and is a major player in the durian industry. Thai durians are characterized by their unique and diverse flavours. The country cultivates various varieties, including Monthong, Chanee, and Kanyao. Monthong durians, in particular, are widely sought after for their sweet and custard-like taste. Thailand’s Chanthaburi province is renowned for its durians and is often considered a hub for durian enthusiasts.

Both Malaysia and Thailand take great pride in their durian production, and the fruit holds significant cultural and economic importance in both countries. Taste preferences can vary among individuals, so determining which country produces the “best” durians ultimately comes down to personal preference.

Durian enthusiasts and experts from Malaysia and Thailand often engage in friendly debates about the superiority of their respective durians. The difference in taste, smell, and texture is due to the difference in harvesting durians.

Growers in Malaysia collect durians from the ground when the fruit falls from the tree. The Malaysian durians are already ripe, and its flesh soft which will disintegrate in your hands like a chunk of mush. While in Thailand, the durians are culled from the tree about a week or more before it is ripe. Hence the Thai durians do not have the strong scent as the Malaysian durians because they are harvested before they are fully ripe; and the flesh is a little harder, less sweet, and less fragrant.

Ultimately, the best way to decide is to try durians from both countries and decide for yourself which ones you prefer.


Health Benefits of Durian

Durian is not only a delicious fruit but also offers several health benefits. Here are some of the nutrients and health benefits associated with eating durian:

  1. Nutrient-rich: Durian is a good source of essential nutrients, including dietary fibre, vitamins, and minerals. It contains vitamin C, vitamin B complex (including B1, B2, B3, and B6), folate, iron, potassium, magnesium, and manganese.
  2. High in antioxidants: Durian is rich in antioxidants, such as vitamin C and various phytochemicals like anthocyanins, flavonoids, and carotenoids. Antioxidants help protect the body against free radicals, which can cause cellular damage and contribute to various chronic diseases.
  3. Boosts immune function: The vitamin C content in durian helps strengthen the immune system, promoting a healthy immune response and protecting against illnesses.
  4. Supports digestion: Durian contains a significant amount of dietary fibre, which aids in digestion and promotes regular bowel movements. Adequate fibre intake is essential for maintaining a healthy digestive system.
  5. Provides energy: Durian is a calorie-dense fruit due to its carbohydrate content. It can provide a quick energy boost, making it a good option for athletes or individuals needing an energy source.
  6. Healthy fats: Durian is relatively high in fat, but the majority of the fat is monounsaturated fat, which is considered heart-healthy. These healthy fats can provide satiety, promote nutrient absorption, and support various bodily functions.
  7. Supports cardiovascular health: The potassium content in durian helps maintain healthy blood pressure levels, while the dietary fibre and healthy fats can contribute to heart health by managing cholesterol levels.

It’s important to note that durian is also high in calories and carbohydrates, so it should be consumed in moderation, particularly for individuals watching their weight or managing conditions like diabetes.

If you haven’t eaten a durian before, go unlock the King of Fruits and indulge in a flavour adventure like no other. Embrace the bold, savour the creamy, and experience the irresistible allure of Durian. Dare to try, and let your taste buds be crowned with delight!

PS now that you know that Durian is the King of Fruits, have you tried the Queen of Fruits – Mangosteen?

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You could always try Durian(s) during YPT’s South-East Asia Tour:  Click Here.

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